The US hit a somber milestone with more COVID-19 deaths than any other country. As the COVID-19 infection is spreading continuously, here are some facts that you must know about coronavirus to stay safe and healthy.
1. Where did the Coronavirus outbreak start?
Health experts around the world are scrambling to understand, track, and contain COVID-19 virus that appeared in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.
2. Types of coronavirus
The four coronaviruses that cause common cold in the humans are:
- NL63 (alpha coronavirus)
- 229E (alpha coronavirus)
- HKU1 (beta coronavirus)
- OC43 (beta coronavirus)
The other three coronaviruses that cause serious lung infections (pneumonia) are:
- MERS-CoV (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome)
- SARS-CoV (Severe acute respiratory syndrome)
- SARS-CoV-2 (the novel coronavirus of 2019 causing the current coronavirus disease pandemic, COVID-19)
3. Why coronavirus is dangerous?
Infectious diseases experts don’t want people to panic over the new coronavirus but they strongly recommend everyone take preventions to reduce the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 virus is not powerful than other viruses but humans don’t have pre-existing defenses to take down this virus. It’s contagious and humans don’t have immunity to deal with it. This virus infects cells in the upper airway (nose and throat). In some people, the virus travels down and infects the cells deep in the lung, causing lung infection or bilateral pneumonia. This can make them very sick, very fast. Severely infected patients can experience lung failure, similar to something called acute respiratory distress syndrome, or ARDS. This syndrome makes it very difficult for the lungs to get enough oxygen into the bloodstream, and it’s the main reason why people with severe COVID-19 need help breathing with an artificial ventilator.
4. What is the recovery time for the COVID-19 infection?
The recovery time depends on how serious the infection is, your age, and how healthy you’re to begin with. As per the WHO reports, people with mild symptoms take approximately 2 weeks to recover. Severe or critical cases can take between 3 and 6 weeks for recovery. However, certain complications of severe cases may take more than 6 weeks too.
5. What safety measures you should take to prevent the coronavirus disease at home?
Follow these tips to keep yourself and others safe at home:
- Clean your hands with soap and water frequently.
- Use sanitizer to clean your hands
- Don’t touch your face, eyes, and mouse without cleaning your hands.
- Use a tissue to cover your cough and sneeze. Dispose of tissue immediately and wash your hands too.
- Stay home and if you go outside, don’t forget to practice social distancing.
- Avoid close contact with sick people and if you’re sick, avoid close contact with other members of your family. Sick people should be isolated in a different room, using a different bathroom and should wear a mask, if possible.
- Clean and disinfect highly touched surfaces such as doorknobs, desks, chairs, and laptops, etc.
6. How to disinfect surfaces for the coronavirus disease?
You can disinfect surfaces by using EPA approved disinfectant. You can also use bleach and water solution to disinfect your surfaces. Just make sure that EPA approved disinfectant and bleach are not expired.
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