Currently, there is no medicine to prevent coronavirus infection, the best way to prevent illness is to avoid interactions with others. The COVID-19 virus can spread from person-to-person in the following ways:
- By close contact with another person as the symptoms may take 7-14 days to show up, it’s better to avoid close contact with everyone.
- Through infected persons sneeze and cough droplets
How to prevent the COVID-19 spread?
To prevent the spread, the World Health Organization has recommended some preventive measures:
1. Clean your hands often
This is important to keep yourself and your loved ones safe.
- Use soap and water to wash your hands. Do it for 20 seconds, especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
- Use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% of alcohol. Rub your hands together until they get dry.
- Don’t touch your mouth, eyes, and nose with your unwashed hands.
2. Avoid close contact
The next preventive measure you need to follow is to maintain distance with the infected patients or people who’re not well.
- Practice self-isolation. Stay at home as much as possible
- Don’t be in close contact with people who are sick
Certain patients don’t show any symptoms of infection so it’s better to maintain distance from others. If in case, you’re COVID-19 positive or are not well, avoid close contact with other members of your family as well as your pets.
3. Take steps to protect others
If you’re sick, stay home and take rest. If the condition worsens, consult your healthcare provider. Make sure that you book an appointment with your doctor before visiting the clinic. Moreover, don’t forget to take these measures:
Cover your mouth whenever you sneeze or cough
As the virus can spread through cough and sneeze droplets, make sure to cover your mouth with a tissue whenever you sneeze or cough. However, if you don’t have a tissue, cough or sneeze in your upper sleeve.
- The next step you need to take is to dispose of the used tissue. Throw it in the trash.
- Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
Wear a facemask
If you’re sick wear a mask around other members of your family and when you’re going to your healthcare provider. If you don’t have a mask, do your best to cover your cough or sneezes with a tissue paper.
You don’t need to wear a mask if you’re not sick unless you’re taking care of a person who is sick or infected with the coronavirus.
Clean and disinfect
Use EPA registered cleaner or bleach and water solution to clean objects that you touch daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, keyboards, phones, handles, light switches, countertops, toilets, and faucets, etc. You can also use soap or detergent and water solution to clean surfaces prior to disinfecting surfaces. You can use these two methods to prepare a bleach solution:
To make a bleach solution, mix:
- 5 tablespoons of bleach per gallon of water
- 4 teaspoons bleach per quart of water
Things to keep in mind while using disinfectant to disinfect surfaces:
- If you’re usingEPA registered disinfectant, make sure to check its expiration date and use it as the manufacturer has instructed.
- If you’re using bleach and water solution, never mix household bleach with ammonia or any other cleanser.
- Make sure that household bleach is not expired as expired bleach will not be helpful against coronavirus.
- If you’re using alcohol and water solution, make sure that your solution contains at least 70% of alcohol.
These are some of the preventive measures that everyone needs to take to keep yourself and others safe during the COVID-19 pandemic.
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