colon cancer

Colon Cancer

Do you know, Colon cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death?

What Is Colon Cancer?

Colon cancer is the cancer of the large intestine, final part of the digestive tract. Most cases of colon cancer begin as small, noncancerous (benign) clumps of cells called adenomatous polyps. Some of these polyps can develop into colon cancers.

How Colon Cancer Develops?

Colon cancer starts as a polyp on the lining of the colon. Polyps may be small and can show some symptoms, if any. However, if the polyp is removed on time, the cancer may be prevented.  For this reason, doctors recommend regular screening tests to help prevent colon cancer.

What Are The Symptoms Of Colon Cancer?

Many people suffering from colon cancer doesn’t experience any symptoms in the early stages of the disease. The symptoms of colon cancer depend on the size of cancer and location in your large intestine. Some of the signs and symptoms of colon cancer are:

  • Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Stomach pain
  • A change in your bowel habits such as constipation or diarrhea
  • Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain
  • continual urges to defecate
  • iron deficiency anemia

What Are The Risk Factors Of Colon Cancer?

The risk of colon cancer increases with your age and many other factors including:

  • Older age – Most of the people diagnosed with colon cancer are older than 50. Colon cancer can occur in younger people, but the chances are less.
  • Smoking – People who smoke have high risk of colon cancer.
  • Diabetes – Diabetic and insulin resistance individuals have an increased risk of colon cancer.
  • African-American race – These people have a greater risk of colon cancer than do people of other races.
  • Family history of colon cancer – An individual with a family history of colon cancer is at greater risk.
  • Alcohol – Drinking heavily increases the risk of colon cancer.

How To Treat Colon Cancer?

Treatment depends on an individual’s age, health status, the type and stage of cancer, and many other characteristics. There is no particular procedure to treat cancer, but the most common options for colon cancer are surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

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