Flu germs can spread from one person to another, even before you know it. You can avoid this by practicing a few simple rules at home. Practice these steps to keep everyone in your home safe and protected from the flu:
1. Get vaccinated
Vaccination is the most important step you need to take to prevent the flu. The flu shots are of four different types: ·
- Standard flu shot: Recommended for everyone 6 months and older.
- Intradermal flu shot: Recommended for adults of age between 18 and 64 years. This shot is administered into the skin, rather than the muscle.
- High-dose flu shot: Our immune system gets weaken with age. This flu shot may help improve our immunity and can increase the prevention of the flu.
- Nasal spray vaccine: The nasal spray vaccine is recommended for people aged 2-49.
2. Use a tissue to cover your mouth and nose
Flu germs can spread through cough and sneeze droplets from the mouth and nose. If you’re having flu, use a tissue to cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze. Don’t forget to dispose of the tissue immediately and wash your hands straight away.
Sneeze or cough into the crook of your elbow if you don’t have a tissue.
3. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth
According to the CDC, the flu germs can sustain for 2-8 hours on hard surfaces.
You can get infected if you touch an infected doorknob or lift buttons and then rub your eyes or bite your nails. Practice not to touch your face without cleaning them hand wash or sanitizers.
4. Wash your hands often
Make sure that you and your family follow these steps while washing your hands to keep flu germs at bay:
- Run warm water over your hands.
- Add soap.
- Scrub for at least 20 seconds.
- Rinse and dry.
You can also use alcohol-based hand sanitizers if you’re not able to wash your hands with water and soap. Use a hand sanitizers that contain at least 60 percent of alcohol. If you’ve kids at home, tell them to wash their hands:
- each time they use the bathroom
- before they eat
- after they come home from school or a play date
5. Limit contact with family members who are ill
If someone in your family gets infected, you can follow these steps to prevent the flu from spreading in your home:
- Keep the sick person at home.
- Limit yours and other family members contact with the sick person.
- Don’t share anything with the sick person such as towels, clothes, toys, dishes, and utensils, etc.
6. Clean your home
Flu germs and viruses love to lurk on items you touch every day such as doorknobs, sinks, dishcloths, home desks, and toilets, etc. Clean and disinfect these things regularly. Wash the things of an infected person with special care. Wash dishes properly by hand or in the dishwasher. Use laundry soap to clean cloths and dry on a hot setting. Don’t forget to wash your hands immediately after washing utensils and handling dirty laundry.
7. Practice healthy habits
Vaccination is necessary but you also need to follow a healthy lifestyle to fight off sickness. Follow these steps to keep the immune system of an infected person by following these steps:
- Eat healthily
- Get plenty of sleep
- Drink lots of fluids
- Manage your stress
- Exercise regularly
As vaccination is necessary to fight with the flu and avoid it from spreading, consult with your healthcare provider immediately for the proper treatment.
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