STDs are infections that are passed from one person to another during sexual intercourse. STDs are common and may not show symptoms. But if left untreated, STDs can lead to fertility problems in women and an increased risk of cervical cancer. So to avoid such health issues, it’s really important to have safe sex.
Common STD Symptoms In Women:
The few common symptoms of STDs in women are:
- Vaginal itching
- Pain during intercourse
- Discharge (thick or thin, milky white, yellow, or green)
- Blisters in the genital area
- Rashes in the genital area
- Burning urination
- Painful urination
However, an annual report published in Health day News confirms that over 2 million cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis were reported in the year 2016. And according to Federal Health officials sexually transmitted diseases in the US have reached an all-time high in 2016.
According to the US CDC, “Nearly 1.6 million cases of chlamydia, 470,000 cases of gonorrhea and 28,000 of syphilis were reported in 2016. Approximately 50% of the young women are diagnosed with chlamydia infections, but syphilis and gonorrhea are increasingly affecting new groups of people. ”
And the diseases are on the rise in a number of groups, including women, infants, gay and bisexual men. Increase in STDs is a continuous growing threat that is needed to be taken care of properly. It’s estimated that approximately 1 in 5 five Americans has genital herpes, but up to 90 percent are unaware of it.
How To Prevent STDs?
It’s really important for everyone to take certain preventive measures to avoid getting STDs.
Get Tested Regularly
Women should get a PAP smear test with in every 3-5 years to be sure that they don’t have any health issue. Moreover, they should consult a doctor about STD testing if they’re sexually active.
Whether it’s anal, vaginal, or oral sex, a condom can protect both you and your partner from getting STDs. Female condoms and dental dams offer a certain level of protection against STD. However, the birth control pills, spermicides, and other forms of contraception may protect against pregnancy, but they don’t protect against STDs.
It’s better to communicate honestly with your partner and doctor as it can help avoid various health issues.
What To Do Once You’ve Been Diagnosed
Here are a few things you should do after being diagnosed with an STD:
- Consult your doctor and start a treatment that your doctor prescribes you.
- Let your partner know about your infection and tell them to undergo STD test.
- Avoid any kind of sexual intercourse until your infection is either cured or until your doctor gives approval.